The Times West Virginian

Local News

May 17, 2014

Brown v. Board of Education historic, but court ‘decision doesn’t change the hearts and minds of people’

FAIRMONT — Sixty years ago today, on May 17, 1954, the courts decided that separate is not equal.

Brown v. Board of Education was a combination of five separate cases brought to the U.S. Supreme Court surrounding the issue of segregation in public schools and, particularly, whether or not black children were getting an equal education to that of white children.

After much deliberation, Chief Justice Earl Warren delivered the court’s decision: Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal and schools should integrate with all deliberate speed.

But it wasn’t that easy.

Before there was Brown, there was Plessy.

After the Civil War, many state Legislatures passed what are known as Jim Crow Laws, which stated black and white citizens must be kept separate. Blacks were not allowed to ride the same buses or use the same public facilities, among other things.

Segregation by law, referred to as de jure, was implemented.

“The issue really was what grew out of the decision in the Plessy v. Ferguson (court case) ... that said, essentially, separate accommodations for African-Americans, as long as they were equal, was fine,” said Kitty Dooley, a Fairmont native and lawyer at The Dooley Law Firm in Charleston.

The country lived mostly separated until 1954, but things did not suddenly change that year.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed in 1909 as a result of the Niagara Conference at Harpers Ferry in 1906, at which black men gathered to discuss the social issues surrounding black Americans.

The NAACP fought for equal opportunity and made strides in gaining entrance to higher education before the Brown decision.

“The groundwork was laid in higher education, and then when Brown and these other cases came together, the question was if, under the 14th Amendment of the Constitution, which guaranteed equal protection of the law, whether the segregated schools for African-Americans were, in fact, equal to the white schools when they segregated by law,” Dooley explained.

Text Only
Local News
  • Ronald Mersky-EG.JPG Landfill safety taught at workshop

     Educators from around the state started a three-day workshop to learn more about recycling.
    The Marion County Recycling and Litter Control, and Project ALERT partnered with West Virginia University and NASA IV & V Facility to host “Marion County, West Virginia, Earth and Beyond” workshop.
    On Tuesday, educators learned more about recycling solid waste material properly.

    July 30, 2014 2 Photos

  • FirstEnergy ending retiree health care subsidies Dec. 31

    he end is drawing near for FirstEnergy Corp.’s health care subsidies for retirees.
    As of Jan. 1, 2015, FirstEnergy will no longer provide subsidized health care for retirees. Todd Meyers, spokesman for Mon Power, which is one of the utility companies under FirstEnergy, said this was a complex decision.
    “It’s a difficult thing, I know, but health care costs have skyrocketed in this country and many companies have had to unfortunately trim back on health care,” he said.

    July 30, 2014

  • Alecto plans changes for FGH

    Fairmont General Hospital’s sales proceedings are moving forward with the approval of Alecto Healthcare Services Fairmont LLC’s Certificate of Need (CON) by the West Virginia Healthcare Authority July 21.
    In West Virginia, a CON is required of all health care providers before they add or expand health care services, exceed the capital expenditure threshold of $3,048,803, obtain medical equipment that is valued at $3,048,803 or developing or acquiring

    July 30, 2014

  • City wooding door -ts.jpg City needs ‘room to grow’

     Fairmont city officials and staff boarded a city bus Tuesday to take tours of three potential sites for a new Municipal Building Complex.
    One of the sites was the Huntington Bank on Adams Street downtown, followed by the City Center building (also known as the old Post Office) and the Masonic Temple on Jefferson Street. While the Huntington Bank building currently houses both Huntington Bank and additional tenants, the City Center building and the Masonic Temple are both currently vacant. The city currently owns the Masonic Temple; if chosen, the other two properties would need to be purchased from their present owners.

    July 30, 2014 9 Photos

  • Fairmont man sentenced for sexual assault, burglaries

    A Fairmont man will serve three to 35 years in prison for sexually assaulting a juvenile and for nighttime burglaries.
    Matthew Allen Martin, 26, of Fairmont, entered a plea agreement with the state Tuesday. He pleaded guilty to sexually assaulting a 14-year-old girl and two counts of burglary.

    July 30, 2014

  • FGH sales proceedings move forward

    Fairmont General Hospital’s sales proceedings are moving forward with the approval of Alecto Healthcare Services Fairmont LLC’s Certificate of Need by the West Virginia Healthcare Authority July 21.

    July 29, 2014

  • End near for FirstEnergy subsidies for retirees

    The end is drawing near for FirstEnergy Corp.’s health care subsidies for retirees.

    July 29, 2014

  • Chamber hosts adult education event

    The Marion County Chamber of Commerce helped local adults find new opportunities through its Beyond the Backyard adult education event Tuesday.

    July 29, 2014

  • Fairmont man pleads guilty to sexual assault, burglary

    A Fairmont man will serve three to 35 years in prison for sexually assaulting a juvenile and for nighttime burglaries.

    July 29, 2014

  • Car in standing water.JPG Sunday’s storm left standing water, flooding

     Residents and emergency crews continued to clean up the mess Monday from Sunday evening’s storms.
    Mark Paquette, a meteorologist with AccuWeather, said Sunday’s storm brought heavy rain to the area. He said the worst of the weather for the week happened Sunday.
    For the rest of the week’s forecast, Paquette said the area should expect more rain this week but nothing to be concerned with.

    July 29, 2014 2 Photos

Featured Ads
TWV Video Highlights
NDN Editor's Picks
House Ads